Anabolic steroids are nothing but man-made hormones that enter your body and promote development and energy. There is a distinct need to take these steroids within limits. However, most sportsperson, especially athletes, venture to take them randomly to increase their stamina and energy levels. This is despite the fact that such usage is dangerous to your health but also illegal in most countries.
How do anabolic steroids work?
They culminate into testosterone, the male-sex hormone and thus automatically increases strength, muscle growth and stamina. They also instill male features in the body (both guys and girls) such as coarse voice, taut body and beards. Middle-aged people use steroids to keep their body energetic and compact. Adolescents use them to reach puberty in case their body is not showing the signs even after reaching the age.
For instance, a person finding tough to run 2 kilometers at a stretch may run 5 kilometers after ingesting anabolic steroids. The trouble is; while steroids offer wonderful results in the short time-frame, they make the body dependent on it and eventually weaken the human core. These steroids have adverse effects on many bodily functions; while some are benign; others may be fatal. Steroids come in form of pills, tablets and even applications like creams. They may also be injected into the body for a much quicker effect. Their capacity to repair muscle damage is utilized by athletes to recuperate quickly after intense training and lifts.
Scientists have also created synthetic steroids to exponentially increase the capacity of steroids in building muscles and stamina. Needless to say, they offer graver risk to men and women and should be avoided at all costs.
Dangers of anabolic steroids
The list of diseases and side-effects that steroids may bring is inexhaustible. Since they effect and instill male sex hormone, their effects apply both to the physical and psychological levels of humans. Following is the distinct categorization of their side–effects.
Physical side-effects (both in guys and girls)
Steroids make the face oily and affect baldness in both genders. They afflict acne on the face. They make the muscles vulnerable to breaking up. They also lead to weight gain. They increase blood pressure and deal injudiciously with cholesterol, reducing ‘good cholesterol’ and uplifting ‘bad cholesterol’. They intensify the chance of heart attack and arrhythmic breathing. Worse, they may corrupt liver functions leading to gross secretion of bile, leading to jaundice. They may even lead to liver cancer. A very serious liver disease, called peliosis hepatis, is believed to be caused by anabolic steroids.
They also afflict sexual problems in both guys and girls. While they may constrict the size of breasts, affect the periodic cycle and enlarge the clitoris of girls, they shrink the testicles and affect semen-ejaculating capacity of guys, rendering them impotent.
Psychological side-effects (in both guys and girls)
Anabolic steroids have prominent effect on the mental aspect of humans as well. For instance, they breed insomnia in people, affecting them with varied sleeping disorders. They make them rash and testy, with abstract mood swings and aggressive traits. They may even cause hallucinations or mania in people, when taken in high and regular dosage. They also catalyze depressive tendencies, by minimizing or distorting scope for growth. Females, for instance, feel odd when they voice become manly and lose the delicate tone.
Banned for use
It has not been scientifically proved that anabolic steroids increase the speed of a person (athlete). Yet, the steroids have been banned for use by athletes during live contests, as they are supposed to place the ingesting person at an advantage. Incidentally, most of the side-effects subside if the person stops taking anabolic steroids in any form. Problems occur when steroids become part of the lifestyle; a sort of an addiction which is hard to get out of.
A rare prescribed steroid
DHEA is one of the rare steroids which is easily available over-the-counter and prescribed by doctors without impunity. The dosage level has to be within limits, not to impose side-effects. All other forms of steroids (there are many forms) are barred from prescription by doctors. Sadly, they still are sold in black markets and availed by people for different purposes.
The last word
In a nutshell, it is advisable to stay clear of anabolic steroids, despite tall promises of magic results in quick time. The supposed side-effects are too dreadful to let the positives have any bearings. Even for athletes, the dosage should just be to recover from body ache and not to build extra stamina to take advantage in competitions.